- Tomatoes and Basil: Basil repels mosquitoes and flies, potentially improving tomato health and flavor.
- Carrots and Onions: Onions deter carrot flies, protecting carrots by masking their scent.
- Lettuce and Tall Flowers: Tall flowers provide shade for lettuce, keeping the soil cool and moist, while some flowers, like marigolds, deter pests.
- Beets and Garlic: Garlic can improve beet growth and deter pests.
- Spinach and Strawberries: Spinach benefits from the shade provided by strawberry plants, which helps maintain soil moisture.
- Corn, Beans, and Squash (“Three Sisters”): Corn offers structure for beans; beans fix nitrogen, benefiting all three; squash shades the ground, reducing weed growth.
- Peas and Carrots: Peas fix nitrogen, enhancing soil for carrots.
- Cucumbers and Radishes: Radishes can act as a trap crop for cucumber beetles.
- Zucchini and Nasturtium: Nasturtium repels squash bugs and other pests, while attracting pollinators.
- Marigolds: Known to deter nematodes and other pests, beneficial near tomatoes, potatoes, beans, and peppers.
What Veggies to Plant Next to Each Other?
Let us first define what companion planting means. Companion planting is a gardening practice that pairs different plants for mutual benefits. It’s a strategy rooted in the idea that certain plants can enhance each other’s growth, deter pests, and help with nutrient uptake when grown together. This approach relies on biodiversity, encouraging a mix of plants to create a balanced ecosystem.
You use companion planting to take advantage of natural plant interactions. For example, some plants might emit substances that repel harmful insects, while others may attract beneficial ones that aid in pollination or pest control. Additionally, certain plant combinations can improve soil health, helping each other absorb nutrients more effectively.
In essence, companion planting is about understanding these relationships and using them to your advantage. It’s a method that not only aims to maximize the productivity of your garden but also to maintain its health in a natural and sustainable way. By carefully selecting and placing your vegetables, you can create a garden that is more resilient against pests, diseases, and environmental stresses.